Researchers reviewed data collected as part of the Tucson Children’s Assessment of Sleep Apnea Study (TuCASA) – following 263 children over the course of five years and found that kids who had sleep apnea at any time through the study were four to five times more likely to suffer learning disabilities.
He learned to cope with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), a disruptive learning disorder that from the time he was a sophomore in high school threatened to stand between him and the basket.
There’s compelling evidence that autism is not merely a list of deficits. Rather, it represents an alternate way of making sense of the world, a cognitive difference that, in many instances, comes with unexpected benefits.
One aspect of autism that doesn’t get a lot of attention is the way the condition manifests differently in girls and boys. We have known for many years that autism is more common in boys than girls. The disorder appears different in the sexes, and these differences may have important implications for both diagnosis and treatment.
Autism is undeniably influenced by genes, but a new study suggests that environmental factors may also contribute significantly — more than researchers previously thought — to the developmental disorder. In fact, environmental factors may play at least as big a role as genes in causing autism.
Much of the surge, experts acknowledge, may be due to better diagnosis, wider awareness and broader definitions of autism. Autism used to be diagnosed only in children with severe language and social problems and repetitive behaviors, but several years ago, researchers expanded the criteria for diagnosis to also include autism spectrum disorders
The latest statistics on autism prevalence are scary: according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the disorder now affects, with varying degrees of severity, one in 88 children, and one in 54 boys. That represents an estimated 78 percent increase since 2002
According to the results, some overmedication did exist — just under 2.5% of teens without a diagnosable disorder in the past year reported having received meds nonetheless — but the authors cautioned that these teens either had neurodevelopmental disorders, lingering signs of previously diagnosed mental disorders, or “subthreshold conditions” that didn’t rise to DSM-IV standards but nonetheless caused them “psychological distress or impairment.” Yet the general picture suggested much more under-medication than excessive use.
The likelihood of a child’s being given a diagnosis of autism, Asperger syndrome or a related disorder increased more than 20 percent from 2006 to 2008, according to a report released on Thursday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The new report estimates that in 2008 one child in 88 received one of these diagnoses, known as autism spectrum disorders, by age 8, compared with about one in 110 two years earlier. The estimated rate in 2002 was about one in 155.
New data suggest as many as one in five high school boys and more than 10 percent of all school-age children in the United States have been diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, according to a recent report in The New York Times.